Evaporation Rate Model for a Natural Convection Glazed Collector/Regenerator

[+] Author and Article Information
D. J. Nelson

Mechanical Engineering Department, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA 24061

B. D. Wood

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Department, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287

J. Sol. Energy Eng 112(1), 51-57 (Feb 01, 1990) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2930759 History: Received March 05, 1987; Revised July 24, 1989; Online June 06, 2008


In the present work, a numerical method has been applied to model the water evaporation rate of a glazed collector/regenerator component of an open-cycle absorption refrigeration system. This two-dimensional model calculates local heat and mass-transfer coefficients as part of the solution. The air flow in the glazed channel is driven by the combined buoyancy of both heat and mass transfer (water evaporation). Since the heat and mass-transfer coefficients each depend on both of the driving potentials determined by local conditions in the falling film, a solution of the conjugate problem is required. The resulting nonuniform air-film interface conditions cause the local heat and mass transfer to differ significantly from the uniform boundary condition case. The glazed collector/regenerator is much less sensitive to the ambient temperature and humidity than the unglazed collector. The addition of a glazing over the collector/regenerator provides a significant performance improvement and enhances solution regeneration in a windy humid climate. The glazed collector/regenerator water evaporation rate is higher relative to the unglazed case because the reduction in convective and radiative heat losses increases the absorbent temperature and vapor pressure sufficiently to overcome the concomitant reduction in the mass-transfer coefficient.

Copyright © 1990 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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