Design, Construction, and Initial Operation of a 3355 m2 Solar Pond in El Paso

[+] Author and Article Information
R. L. Reid

Marquette University, Milwaukee, WI 53233

A. H. P. Swift

Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, TX 79968-0521

W. J. Boegli

U. S. Department of Interior, Bureau of Reclamation, Denver, CO 80225

V. R. Kane

Kane Energy Engineering, El Paso, TX 79902

B. A. Castaneda

BRK Electronics, CD. Juarez, Chihuahua, Mexico

J. Sol. Energy Eng 111(4), 330-337 (Nov 01, 1989) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3268331 History: Received March 01, 1986; Revised July 01, 1989; Online November 11, 2009


A 3355 square meter, 3.3 m deep water storage pond in El Paso, Tex. was converted to a salt-gradient solar pond to supply industrial process heat to an adjacent food processing plant. Approximately 1.9 × 106 kg of sodium chloride salt was obtained to prepare near saturated brine for pond construction. Design and construction of the solar pond are described in detail including the lining technique, salt dissolution method, diffuser design, instrumentation, maintenance of optical clarity, and gradient establishment, including resolution of initial problems in gradient stability. The solar pond has been in continuous operation for over three years.

Copyright © 1989 by ASME
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