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RESEARCH PAPERS

A Low-Temperature Heat Storage System Utilizing Mixtures of Magnesium Salt Hydrates and Ammonium Nitrate

[+] Author and Article Information
C. Vaccarino, A. Barbaccia, F. Frusteri

Department of Organic and Biological Chemistry, Messina University, Messina, Italy

G. Galli, G. Maisano

Institute of Physics, Messina University, Messina, Italy

J. Sol. Energy Eng 107(1), 54-57 (Feb 01, 1985) (4 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3267654 History: Received August 01, 1983; Online November 11, 2009

Abstract

The heat storage system based on mixtures of salt hydrates and anhydrous salts described in previous articles has been applied to Mg(NO3 )2 • 6H2 O and MgCl2 • 6H2 O (alone or in eutectic mixtures), added with NH4 NO3 . Calorimetric measurements showed that in the temperature range 25–60° C, Mg(NO3 )2 • 6H2 O allows a Thermal Energy Storage (TES) capacity of about 56 kcal/kg (equivalent to 86 kcal/liter), which is slightly lower than the values previously recorded with ammonium alum. When the maximum temperature was lowered to 55° and to 50° C, in order to be closer to the peak-efficiency of commercial flat-plate collectors, the best results were obtained, respectively, with Mg(NO3 )2 • 6H2 O and with the eutectic mixture Mg(NO3 )2 • 6H2 O – MgCl2 • 6H2 O, both added with NH4 NO3 . The mixtures of the aforementioned magnesium salts and ammonium nitrate do not show any significant efficiency reduction after many thermal cycles, and at the present stage of the research, they may be considered the most suitable for obtaining heat storages in the temperature range of commercial solar collectors.

Copyright © 1985 by ASME
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