Height Extrapolation of Wind Data

[+] Author and Article Information
A. S. Mikhail

Solar Energy Research Institute, 1617 Cole Boulevard, Golden, Colo. 80401

J. Sol. Energy Eng 107(1), 10-14 (Feb 01, 1985) (5 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3267645 History: Received November 01, 1983; Online November 11, 2009


Various models that are used for height extrapolation of short and long-term averaged wind speeds are discussed. Hourly averaged data from three tall meteorological towers (the NOAA Erie Tower in Colorado, the Battelle Goodnoe Hills Tower in Washington, and the WKY-TV Tower in Oklahoma), together with data from 17 candidate sites (selected for possible installation of large WECS), were used to analyze the variability of short-term average wind shear with atmospheric and surface parameters and the variability of the long-term Weibull distribution parameter with height. The exponents of a power-law model, fit to the wind speed profiles at the three meteorological towers, showed the same variability with anemometer level wind speed, stability, and surface roughness as the similarity law model. Of the four models representing short-term wind data extrapolation with height (1/7 power law, logarithmic law, power law, and modified power law), the modified power law gives the minimum rms for all candidate sites for short-term average wind speeds and the mean cube of the speed. The modified power-law model was also able to predict the upper-level scale factor for the WKY-TV and Goodnoe Hills Tower data with greater accuracy. All models were not successful in extrapolation of the Weibull shape factors.

Copyright © 1985 by ASME
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