Temperature Variation in the Absorber Plate of an Air Heating Flat Plate Solar Collector

[+] Author and Article Information
L. A. Diaz, N. V. Suryanarayana

Department of Mechanical Engineering and Engineering Mechanics, Michigan Technological University, Houghton, Mich.

J. Sol. Energy Eng 103(2), 153-157 (May 01, 1981) (5 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3266221 History: Received March 02, 1981; Online November 11, 2009


A flat plate solar collector is modelled as a rectangular channel of high width to gap ratio with air entering the collector with a fully developed turbulent velocity profile. One plate of the collector is subjected to a uniform heat flux with the other plate heavily insulated. Experimental values of friction factor and heated plate temperature in the thermal entrance region are presented and compared with analytical predictions. It is shown that there will be significant plate temperature variation in the thermal entrance region particularly at low flow rates. It is also shown that neglecting conduction effects in the absorber plate will not lead to any significant errors in estimating absorber plate temperature variation. Tabulated values of dimensionless plate temperature for different values of the dimensionless distance from the leading edge for several Reynolds number are presented.

Copyright © 1981 by ASME
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