Design Improvements in LiBr Absorption Chillers for Solar Applications

[+] Author and Article Information
Gershon Grossman

Technion, Israel Institute of Technology

Joseph R. Bourne, Jonathan Ben-Dror, Yigal Kimchi, Isaiah Vardi

Tadiran, Israel Electronics Industries, Applied Solar Devices Group, Tel-Aviv, Israel

J. Sol. Energy Eng 103(1), 56-61 (Feb 01, 1981) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3266211 History: Received July 31, 1980; Revised November 18, 1980; Online November 11, 2009


The present article describes a theoretical evaluation of two design improvements made in a lithium bromide absorption chiller which contribute substantially to its performance in solar applications. One is the addition of a solution preheater which allows for a considerable reduction in generator size and cost, and improves performance at part load. The other is the addition of an auxiliary generator which enables the chiller to operate at nominal capacity or higher at all times, while utilizing to a maximum the solar radiation available at the time, however small. This is an effective solution to the problem of backup required in all solar-powered systems. The evaluation has been performed by computer simulation and results are presented for the performance of the unit with different configurations of the above systems. The results indicate the limitations on the part of the load to be supplied by the preheater. They point toward the advantage of using an auxiliary generator in a separate shell from the solar-powered generator and with a separate condenser. Operating curves for the chiller with the design improvements are given.

Copyright © 1981 by ASME
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