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Review Article

Methodology for Preliminary Design of Buildings Using Multi-Objective Optimization Based on Performance Simulation

[+] Author and Article Information
Bruno Ramos Zemero

Centro de Excelência em Eficiência Energética da
Amazônia (CEAMAZON),
Instituto de Tecnologia (ITEC),
Universidade Federal do Pará (UFPA),
Campus Universitário do Guamá,
Belém, Pará 66025-772, Brazil
e-mail: brunozemero1@gmail.com

Maria Emília de Lima Tostes

Centro de Excelência em Eficiência Energética da
Amazônia (CEAMAZON),
Instituto de Tecnologia (ITEC),
Universidade Federal do Pará (UFPA),
Campus Universitário do Guamá,
Belém, Pará 66025-772, Brazil
e-mail: tostes@ufpa.br

Ubiratan Holanda Bezerra

Centro de Excelência em Eficiência Energética da
Amazônia (CEAMAZON),
Instituto de Tecnologia (ITEC),
Universidade Federal do Pará (UFPA),
Campus Universitário do Guamá,
Belém, Pará 66025-772, Brazil
e-mail: bira@ufpa.br

Vitor dos Santos Batista

Centro de Excelência em Eficiência Energética da
Amazônia (CEAMAZON),
Instituto de Tecnologia (ITEC),
Universidade Federal do Pará (UFPA),
Campus Universitário do Guamá,
Belém 66025-772, Pará, Brazil
e-mail: vitordsbatista@gmail.com

Carminda Célia M. M. Carvalho

Centro de Excelência em Eficiência Energética da
Amazônia (CEAMAZON),
Instituto de Tecnologia (ITEC),
Universidade Federal do Pará (UFPA),
Campus Universitário do Guamá,
Belém, Pará 66025-772, Brazil
e-mail: carminda@ufpa.br

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Solar Energy Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF SOLAR ENERGY ENGINEERING: INCLUDING WIND ENERGY AND BUILDING ENERGY CONSERVATION. Manuscript received May 19, 2018; final manuscript received December 4, 2018; published online January 8, 2019. Assoc. Editor: Jorge Gonzalez.

J. Sol. Energy Eng 141(4), 040801 (Jan 08, 2019) (12 pages) Paper No: SOL-18-1225; doi: 10.1115/1.4042244 History: Received May 19, 2018; Revised December 04, 2018

Buildings' energy consumption has a great energetic and environmental impact worldwide. The architectural design has great potential to solve this problem because the building envelope exerts influence on the overall system performance, but this is a task that involves many objectives and constraints. In the last two decades, optimization studies applied to energy efficiency of buildings have helped specialists to choose the best design options. However, there is still a lack of optimization approaches applied to the design stage, which is the most influential stage for building energy efficiency over its entire life cycle. Therefore, this article presents a multi-objective optimization model to assist designers in the schematic building design, by means of the Pareto archived evolutionary strategies (PAES) algorithm with the EnergyPlus simulator coupled to evaluate the solutions. The search process is executed by a binary array where the array components evolve over the generations, together with the other building components. The methodology aims to find optimal solutions (OSs) with the lowest constructive cost associated with greater energy efficiency. In the case study, it was possible to simulate the process of using the optimization model and analyze the results in relation to: a standard building; energy consumption classification levels; passive design guidelines; usability and accuracy, proving that the tool serves as support in building design. The OSs reached an average of 50% energy savings over typical consumption, 50% reduction in CO2 operating emissions, and investment return less than 3 years in the four different weathers.

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Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Optimization model proposed

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Pareto frontier for multi-objective decision making

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Consumption of OSs versus Brazilian consumption benchmark

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Fig. 4

Overlapping Pareto fronts of four wathers analyzed

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Fig. 5

Convergence showing the evolution of solutions in the cold weather

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Fig. 6

Performance of the proposed model versus Brute force algorithm to determine accuracy

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